July 2017



July 1 Frederick Carlton “Carl” Lewis, hall of fame track and field athlete, was born in Birmingham, Alabama, 1961.
July 2 The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, 1964.
July 3 Macon Bolling Allen became the first African American licensed to practice law in the United States, 1844.
July 4 Arthur George “A. G.” Gaston, entrepreneur and businessman, was born in Demopolis, Alabama, 1892.
July 5 Andrew Jackson Beard of Woodlawn, Alabama received patent number 478,271 for an improved rotary steam engine, 1892.
July 6 Donnie L. Cochran, first African American to command the U.S. Navy Blue Angels, was born near Pelham, GA, 1954.
July 7 Leroy Robert “Satchel” Paige, hall of fame baseball player, was born in Mobile, Alabama, 1906.
July 8 The Clotilda, the last known United States slave ship to bring enslaved Africans to the U. S., arrived in Alabama with 110 African captives, 1860.
July 9 Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs first successful open heart surgery, 1893.
July 10 Mary Jane McLeod Bethune, hall of fame educator and civil rights leader, was born in Mayesville, South Carolina, 1875.
July 11 W.E.B. DuBois and William Monroe Trotter organize the Niagara Movement, a forerunner of the NAACP, 1905.
July 12 Frederick McKinley Jones received three patents (numbers 2,475,841 – 2,475,843). Patent 2,475,841 was for a portable air-cooling unit for trucks, 1949.
July 13 Thurgood Marshall becomes first African American appointed U.S. solicitor general, 1965.
July 14 Sarah E. Goode, first African American woman to receive a patent (322,177) for her invention of the cabinet bed, 1885.
July 15 Maggie Lena Walker, hall of fame businesswoman, educator and the first female bank president, was born in Richmond, Virginia, 1864.
July 16 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, journalist and civil and women’s rights activist, was born enslaved in Holly Springs, Mississippi, 1862.
July 17 Billie Holiday, hall of fame Jazz singer and songwriter known as “Lady Day,” died, 1959.
July 18 Nelson R. Mandela, first South African president to be elected in a fully representative democratic election, was born in Mvezo, South Africa, 1918.
July 19 William Henry Hastie was confirmed as Judge of the Third U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals, the first African American federal circuit judge, 1950.
July 20 Violet Palmer, the first woman to officiate a National Basketball Association game, was born in Compton, California, 1964.
July 21 The National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs, Inc. was founded in Washington, D.C., 1896.
July 22 Emlen Lewis Tunnell, the first African American inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, died, 1975.
July 23 Jackie Robinson becomes first African American baseball player in the major leagues inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, 1962.
July 24 Alexander Dumas, playwright and novelist, was born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie in Picardy, France, 1802.
July 25 Garrett A. Morgan, Sr. used his gas mask to rescue men trapped in an underground tunnel, 1916.
July 26 President Harry S. Truman issues Executive Order 9981, ending segregation in armed forces, 1948.
July 27 The Chicago Race Riots, the worst of the country’s riots during the Red Summer of 1919, began, 1919.
July 28 14th Amendment, granting African Americans full citizenship rights, becomes part of the Constitution, 1868.
July 29 Keeth Thomas Smart, the first American to be named the top-ranked fencer internationally, was born in Brooklyn, New York, 1978.
July 30 Elizabeth R. Haynes, first African American woman to serve on the national board of the YWCA, was born in Lowndes County, AL, 1883.
July 31 Whitney Moore Young, Jr., civil rights leader, was born in Lincoln Ridge, Kentucky, 1921.
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