December 2017



Dec 1 Rosa Louise McCauley Parks refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama city bus, 1955.
Dec 2 Odetta Holmes, singer, actress, songwriter, human rights activist, “The Voice of the Civil Rights Movement”, died, 2008.
Dec 3 Frederick Douglass publishes first issue of North Star, 1847.
Dec 4 The American Anti-Slavery Society was founded to abolish slavery in the U.S. under the leadership of William Lloyd Garrison, 1833.
Dec 5 Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott began, 1955.
Dec 6 The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was adopted, 1865.
Dec 7 Comer Cottrell, businessman and founder of Pro-Line cosmetics, was born in Mobile, Alabama, 1931.
Dec 8 Sammy Davis, Jr., singer, dancer, film and stage actor, was born in New York City, 1925.
Dec 9 P.B.S. Pinchback of Louisiana becomes first African American governor in U.S., 1872.
Dec 10 Ralph J. Bunche becomes first African American awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, 1950.
Dec 11 Henrietta Bradberry, received patent number 2,390,688 for a waterproof pneumatically operated way to fire torpedoes under water, 1945.
Dec 12 George Franklin Grant received patent number 638,920 for his invention of the golf tee, 1899.
Dec 13 Jamie Foxx, stand-up comedian, actor and singer, was born Eric Marlon Bishop in Terrell, Texas, 1867.
Dec 14 Ernest Davis, hall of fame college football player and the first African American to win the Heisman Trophy, was born in New Salem, PA, 1939.
Dec 15 William A. Hinton, first African American on Harvard Medical School faculty, developer of Hinton test to detect syphilis, was born in Chicago, IL, 1883.
Dec 16 Andrew Jackson Young, Jr., first African American to be nominated as the Ambassador to the United Nations, 1976.
Dec 17 Condoleezza Rice became the first female to hold the position of United States National Security Advisor, 2000.
Dec 18 Raiford Chatman “Ossie” Davis, actor, director, playwright and social activist, was born in Cogdell, Georgia, 1917.
Dec 19 Carter Godwin Woodson, “father of Black history”, educator, historian, author and journalist, was born in New Canton, Virginia, 1875.
Dec 20 South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the Union, 1860.
Dec 21 Josh Gibson, hall of fame Negro League baseball player, was born in Buena Vista, Georgia, 1911.
Dec 22 Jerry Pinkney, award winning illustrator of children’s books, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1939.
Dec 23 Madam C.J. Walker, businesswoman and America’s first self-made female millionaire, was born Sarah Breedlove in Delta, LA, 1867.
Dec 24 Ernest Nathan “Dutch” Morial, the first African American Mayor of New Orleans, Louisiana, died, 1989.
Dec 25 Cabell “Cab” Calloway III, hall of fame jazz singer and bandleader, was born in Rochester, New York, 1907.
Dec 26 John A. “Jack” Johnson, becomes first African American World Heavyweight Boxing Champion with a 14th round TKO of Tommy Burns, 1908.
Dec 27 Ruth Carol Taylor, nurse, journalist and the first African American airline stewardess in the United States, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, 1931.
Dec 28 Oscar-winning actor Denzel Washington, was born in Mount Vernon, New York, 1954.
Dec 29 Thomas J. Bradley, the first African American Mayor of Los Angeles, California, was born in Calvert, Texas, 1917.
Dec 30 Eldrick Tont “Tiger” Woods, one of the most successful golfers of all time, was born in Cypress, California, 1975.
Dec 31 Gabrielle “Gabby” Douglas, first African American gymnast to win the Olympic individual all-around Gold medal, born in Virginia Beach, VA, 1995.
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