March 2017



Mar 1 The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was signed into law by President Ulysses Grant, 1875.
Mar 2 David Satcher, physician, United States Surgeon General and Assistant Secretary for Health, was born in Anniston, Alabama, 1941.
Mar 3 Thomas L. Jennings, first African American to receive a U.S. patent (number 3306x) for a dry-scouring process, now known as dry-cleaning, 1821.
Mar 4 Garrett Augustus Morgan, Sr., inventor and entrepreneur, was born in Paris, Kentucky, 1877.
Mar 5 Crispus Attucks, one of the first casualties of the American Revolution, was killed in the Boston Massacre, 1770.
Mar 6 The Supreme Court decided Dred Scott v. Sandford. This opinion declared that slaves were not U.S. citizens and could not sue in Federal courts, 1857.
Mar 7 The first Selma to Montgomery march ended when marchers were attacked by state and local police at the Edmund Pettus Bridge “Bloody Sunday”, 1965.
Mar 8 Alexander T. Augusta, surgeon, Civil War veteran, and highest- ranking African American officer in the Union Army, born in Norfolk, Virginia, 1825.
Mar 9 Oscar Stanton De Priest, the first African American elected to Congress in the 20th century, was born in Florence, Alabama., 1871.
Mar 10 Harriet Tubman, abolitionist, Union Army spy and suffragist, died. Tubman was buried with military honors, 1913.
Mar 11 Ralph David Abernathy, minister and civil rights leader, was born in Linden, Alabama, 1926.
Mar 12 Virginia Hamilton, children’s books author, was born in Yellow Springs, Ohio, 1936.
Mar 13 Cowtown/Work to Ride polo team from Philadelphia, PA, first African American team to win the National Interscholastic Polo Championship, 2011.
Mar 14 Quincy Delight Jones, Jr., trumpeter, music conductor and arranger, record producer, and film composer, was born in Chicago, Illinois, 1933.
Mar 15 Joseph Jenkins Roberts, the first President of the Republic of Liberia, was born in Norfolk, Virginia, 1809.
Mar 16 Mississippi became the last state to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution which abolished slavery, 1995.
Mar 17 Nathaniel Adams “Nat King” Cole, hall of fame jazz pianist and singer, was born in Montgomery, Alabama, 1919.
Mar 18 Fred Shuttlesworth, minister and civil rights activist, was born Freddie Lee Robinson in Mount Meigs, Alabama, 1922.
Mar 19 Rev. Leon Sullivan elected to board of directors of General Motors, 1971.
Mar 20 Jan E. Matzeliger received patent 274,207 for his Automatic Method for Lasting Shoes, 1883.
Mar 21 Lewis H. Latimer of New York City shared patent number 255,212 for a Globe Supporter for Electric Lamps, 1882.
Mar 22 Joseph Paul Reason, the first African American four-star admiral in the United States Navy, was born in Washington, D. C., 1941.
Mar 23 Maynard Holbrook Jackson, Jr., the first African American mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, was born in Dallas, Texas, 1938.
Mar 24 Janet Harmon Waterford Bragg, the first African American female to hold a commercial pilot license, was born in Griffin, Georgia, 1907.
Mar 25 Aretha Louise Franklin, hall of fame pianist, singer and songwriter, was born in Memphis, Tennessee, 1942.
Mar 26 Thomas J. Martin of Dowagiac, Michigan received patent number 125,063 for improvements in the fire extinguisher, 1872.
Mar 27 Arthur Mitchell, hall of fame dancer and choreographer, was born in Harlem, New York, 1934.
Mar 28 William Christopher “W. C.” Handy, hall of fame blues composer and musician, died, 1958.
Mar 29 Andrew Jackson Beard, hall of fame inventor, was born in Woodland, Alabama, 1849.
Mar 30 The Fifteenth Amendment was adopted into the Constitution granting African American men the right to vote, 1870.
Mar 31 Thomas M. Peterson of Perth Amboy, NJ cast the first vote by an African American after the passage of the 15th Amendment, 1870.
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